Bunk Bed Related Injuries: Scary Statistics, and Pointers on Prevention

- October 4, 2017
Two Bunk Beds in a Dorm Room


Almost everyone sleeps in a bunk bed at some point.  From summer camps to college dorms, it’s practically a rite of passage.

But if you aren’t careful, you might not be getting a safe night’s sleep.  Did you know…

1. Bunk bed related injuries are common

There are 36,000 reported bunk bed related injuries per year among youth up to age 21. Thankfully, this is down from the average bunk bed injury rate from 1990 to 2005, which saw over 38,000 kids in the ER for bunk bed related injuries each year.  But injuries are also likely under-reported, since the only data available is from emergency room visits.  Children who don’t go to the hospital remain unaccounted for.

2. Almost half of all bunk-bed related injuries occur in children under 6

This is especially disturbing because organizations like the Nationwide Children’s Hospital—and common sense!—say that children this young should not be allowed to sleep on the top bunk, or play on the ladder where they could easily fall.

Speaking of:

3. Falls are the #1 cause of bunk bed related injuries

In fact, nearly three quarters of children who fall from bunk beds sustain injuries.

4. Bunk bed related injuries are serious business

Most bunk bed related injuries involve the head and neck. (Perhaps not surprisingly, 10% of children who suffer bunk bed related injuries end up with concussions.)  The most common types of bunk bed related injuries include lacerations (30% incidence), contusions/abrasions (25% incidence) and fractures (20% incidence).  But some children suffer much worse.

Take Clark Jacobs, for example.  In 2015, Clark fell out of his 7” high, siderail-less loft bed while studying at Georgia Tech University.  The accident resulted in a large skull fracture and bleeding in Clark’s brain, leaving him in a coma for three months.  After regaining consciousness, Clark had to relearn how to walk, talk, and swallow.  Even today, years and lots of physical therapy later, Clark still faces physical challenges.

Unfortunately, Clark’s story isn’t as unique as you might think.

5. After young children, 18 to 21-year-olds experience the most bunk bed related injuries

Fledgling adults experience injuries with twice the frequency of teens 14 to 17 years of age. In large part, researchers attribute this jump in injuries to a jump in bunk bed use in college dorms.

But the increase in bunk beds use doesn’t equate to an increase in bunk bed safety.

6. The US Consumer Product Safety Commission standards requiring top bunks to have guard rails don’t apply to college dorms

Combined with the alcohol and recreational drug use common in college, the results can be disastrous. And even when colleges supply beds with railings, students don’t always set up and decorate their beds in safe ways.  Says Tracy Mehan, a researcher at the Center for Injury Research and Policy of The Research Institute, “I see a lot of boards on Pinterest about how to decorate your dorm room, but you have to be careful about that because a lot of their recommendations don’t actually meet the safety standards required by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.”

The Takeaways?

Now that we’ve scared the daylights out of you, let’s talk prevention.  Bunk beds can be safe places to sleep, as long as they follow certain guidelines:

  • Safe college and children’s bunk beds have siderails on both sides of the top bunk.
  • Siderails should measure 5” or more above the top of the mattress, to keep sleepers from rolling off.
  • Any gaps in the siderails should be 3.5” or smaller to prevent accidental strangulation.

Of course, we don’t expect you to whip out a ruler whenever you turn in for the night!  Just remember to always choose a bunk bed with tall siderails up top.  Otherwise, you may want to stick to the bottom bunk.


If you’re looking to purchase safe bunk beds for your children, camp, or residence hall, DiaMedical USA offers bunk beds with siderails designed to meet consumer safety specifications.  Learn more and order here or here!

You might also be interested in:

best camp mattresses

Selecting the Best Mattresses for Your Camp

A good night’s sleep is essential for everyone to have a great experience at camp. That’s why mattresses need to be dry, comfortable and bug-free when the sun goes down. However, choosing the best mattress for your camp can be challenging. What kinds of mattress cores and covers are right for your campers? Which features […]

Read more
Mattresses and Mental Health

Preventing Pressure Injuries in Behavioral Health Settings

Preventing Pressure Injuries in Behavioral Health Settings Even though decubitus ulcers are less common in behavioral health units than in other hospital areas, they can develop quickly in patients with mental illness. With relevant knowledge, however, clinicians can help prevent the development of pressure injuries in behavioral health settings. This article will describe risk factors […]

Read more
Mattress Contamination & Infection Control

Mattress Contamination & Infection Control

Patient safety concerns Healthcare facilities wipe down and disinfect all mattresses between patients to prevent the spread of infection. Because it is protected by the cover, the mattress core is not cleaned. If the integrity of the mattress cover becomes compromised, however, blood and bodily fluids may become trapped inside the core. These fluids can […]

Read more
Therapeutic Support Surfaces In Pediatric Units

Therapeutic Support Surfaces In Pediatric Units

Therapeutic Support Surfaces In Pediatric Units Even though pressure injuries are most common in adult care units, there is an emerging awareness that acutely ill and immobilized children are also at risk. With relevant knowledge, however, clinicians can help prevent skin breakdown in pediatric settings. This article will describe risk factors for pediatric pressure ulcers […]

Read more